Eye of Horus /Wedjat

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Faience wedjat eye amulet
From Egypt, Third Intermediate Period, 1068-661 BC, 
The 'sound' eye that restores life (https://www.britishmuseum.org)

Two statements about the Wedjat /Eye of Horus from Britishmuseum website
1) The wedjat eye is perhaps the best known of all Egyptian protective amulets. The drop and spiral below the eye imitate the markings on a lanner falcon, the bird associated with the god Horus. The name wedjat means 'the sound one', referring to the lunar left eye of Horus that was plucked out by his rival Seth during their conflict over the throne. The restoration of the eye is variously attributed to Thoth, Hathor or Isis. The injury to the eye and its subsequent healing were believed to be reflected in the waxing and waning of the moon. The first use of the wedjat eye as an amulet was when Horus offered it to Osiris. It was so powerful that it restored him to life. The regenerative and protective powers of the amulet meant that it was placed among the wrappings of mummies in great numbers. It could even replace food offerings in rituals. It first appeared in the late Old Kingdom and was used until mummification was no longer practised, in the Roman Period (30 BC - AD 395)

Amulets were made from many different materials, but blue or green faience was the most common, as these colours symbolized regeneration to the ancient Egyptian. The wedjat eye was also worn by the living. Faience factories have been found at Tell el-Amarna, where rings with wedjat eye bezels were very popular among the inhabitants. C.A.R. Andrews, Amulets of Ancient Egypt (London, The British Museum Press, 1994)(https://www.britishmuseum.org)

2) The wedjat is associated with Horus, the god of the sky, who was depicted as a falcon or as a man with a falcon's head. In a battle with Seth, the god of chaos and confusion, Horus lost his left eye. But the wound was healed by the goddess Hathor and the wedjat came to symbolise the process of 'making whole' and healing - the word wedjat literally meaning sound. The left eye of Horus also represented the moon. The waxing and waning in the lunar cycle therefore reflected Horus losing and regaining his sight. The first use of a wedjat eye as an amulet was when Horus used one to bring Osiris back to life. Their regenerative power meant that wedjat eye amulets were placed in mummy wrappings in great numbers. Faience is a type of ceramic, commonly used to make amulets. (https://www.britishmuseum.org)

A nice deep blue single sided faience wedjat amulet with added
detailing in black as was done in the Third Intermediate Period.
Intact. 12mm.
Egyptian, Third Intermediate Period, circa 700 BC
48mm x 32 mm
Egyptian, Third Intermediate period, circa 900 BC
small double sided open work blue faience Wedjat  amulet.
Intact: the very slight damage appears to have occurred before firing.
12mm x 10mm
Third Intermediate Period – Late Period, circa 900 BC -500 BC

This small steatite wedjat amulet is inscribed on the back with
the prenomen name of the king Ramesses II.
A very deep blue double sided faience Wedjat amulet with incised details.
Intact 19mm. Third Intermediate Period-Late Period, circa 900 BC -500 BC

A fine blue faience single sided Wedjat  plaque.
25mm x 20mm
Third Intermediate Period – Late Period, circa 1000 BC - 500 BC
 85mm x 55m
Late Period, circa 500 BC
Earthenware Wedjat amulet on display at the Louvre, c. 500–300 BCE
(source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye_of_Horus)
Wadjet from Egypt, 2200-400 BCE, Clay
Egyptian antique flat amulet depicting the Eye of Horus. Both sides are
molded and covered in a light green faience or glaze. The iris and eye brow
are black. Space around the iris has been perforated so that the sclera is void.
Drill hole through center.
Wadjet http://www.britishmuseum.org/
Wadjet http://www.britishmuseum.org/
Wadjet http://www.britishmuseum.org/
Wadjet http://www.britishmuseum.org/
Wadjet http://www.britishmuseum.org/

Faience wedjat eye

Egypt, Third Intermediate Period, 1069-945 BC

An Egyptian healing symbol 
Wedjat Eye Amulet
Period: Third Intermediate Period

Date: ca. 1070–664 B.C.

Geography: From Egypt

Medium: Faience, aragonite

Dimensions: 5 x 6 cm (1 15/16 x 2 3/8 in.)
Wedjat Eye Amulet, wood, glass, gold, copper or copper alloy.
Late or Ptolemaic period,26th to 30th Dynasty, c.664-30BC. 

Metropolitan Museum of Art (http://www.historyandcivilization.com)
Third Intermediate Period or Late Period, c. 950-450 BC. Width: 1-11/16"

A fairly rare colour in faience: an off-white Wedjat amulet with a black brow.Intact 15mm, Third Intermediate Period, circa 900 BC
An inexpensive brown faience open-work Wedjat amulet. 
Cheap as it has been repaired and there is also a tiny bit missing.
21mm, Third Intermediate Period, circa 900 BC
Open-work blue faience Wedjat amulets of very diminutive size.
10mm, Third Intermediate Period circa 900 BC. (http://www.collector-antiquities.com/)
 (source: http://www.christies.com)
Wadjet http://www.britishmuseum.org/
Blue green faience.
Late Period, Dynasty 26, c. 664 – 525 BC.
H. 2.1 cm, W. 2.1 cm, D. 0.5 cm.
Late period, 25 mm. length (http://www.thefakebusters.com)
Circa 800 BC., 30 mm.  (www.thefakebusters.com)
Gold Wedjat Eye Amulet,  Period: Late Period
Dynasty: Dynasty 26–29, Date: 664–380 B.C.
Geography: From Egypt, Medium: Gold
Dimensions: H. 3.2 cm 
(1 1/4 in); w. 3.7 cm (1 7/16 in); th. 0.4 cm ( 3/16 in.)
 (Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/)
Wedjat´ eye with Horus children at relief from tomb of Psusennes.
Twenty-first Dynasty, reign of Psusennes I, 1039-991 BC
gold The Egyptian Museum, Cairo (http://www.nga.gov)

Eye of Horus on the wall of Tomb of Pashedu, Deir Al-Medina, West Bank, Luxor, Egypt

See also Multiple Wedjats

1 comment:

  1. Clearly, I'm not rub along with the idea that Eye of Horus was one of the most lover by Egyptians holy signs. I think modern people overrated this symbol. We make tattoos with it, we play quest, table games and Eye of Horus slots this symbol. In my opinion we must let it alone and do not disturb the ancient gods.