Still in development
In 1991, David Cronenberg released his movie Naked Lunch based on William Burrough's book. One of the strange things from this movie was the creature called The Mugwump, designed by Stephan Dupuis. It was a creature only roughly described in William Burroughs novel, but Cronenberg intention was to make the entities look like a junkie’s body, and more humanoid than the creature described in the book. Indeed, he went as far as to decide that they should be based on William Burroughs himself, that it should look like him, have something about him in his face, chest and posture. Cronenberg’s Mugwumps were extra-terrestrials from Venus and appeared much more benevolent than the creatures in Burrough’s book. Here they had blue eyes, and were guiding Bill Lee’s writing ability. they were much bigger creatures.
The descriptions of Burrough's mugwump's suggest something much more related to a roughly long faced humanoid creatures but with a beak of black bone and a mouth of purple penis flesh, skin like a junky and insect black eyes. One thing to note is that there hadn't been any clear attempts at drawing these creatures made available to the public until the Naked Lunch film's artwork came out, although there were some cartoonish storyboards showing these entities from an earlier attempt at making Naked Lunch into a film.
The film has other curious biomechanical creatures in it, namely the type writers transforming into bugwriters and the sex-blob that has some characteristics of a centipede. Later there was the Mugwriter where the Mugwump would be reintroduced as a character that was his previously destroyed typewriter melted down and turned into a new machine shaped in the form of the Mugwump's head and later would at times transform into a fully formed mugwump.
d) Appendages from the head
Originally, the creature had an appendage, either its male member or an appendage stemming from the place of the belly button, and they decided to go along with the idea of having the appendage coming from the head as a crest, partly for the sake of the actors who would be seen to be drinking from it. Perhaps one could say that these creatures, conceived by Dupuis, incorporated elements both from the Mugwump’s and perhaps their addicts known as reptiles who had a fan of green cartilage covered with hollow erectile hairs behind each ear from which they absorbed the mugwump's jissom.
|Drawing by HR Giger (See also Giger drawing (1985)|
e) ideas 8th June 2016. Looking at a drawing by Giger
An untitled drawing by Giger from 14th August 1985, predicts elements of the head of the Mugwump from Cronenberg's 1991 movie. Perhaps other creatures in Giger’s work have long humanoid reptile like faces of a similar kind with a reptile like eye, But looking at his work from his sketches from the early 1980s and a specific drawing from 1985, while none of the drawings by Giger should be expected to have any connection to Mugwumps (although Giger had read the book at some point before), there is a similarity in shapes and forms that begins to make one ask if Giger's artwork became a point of reference for Dupuis.
|Head of character from Giger drawing (1982)|
|Stephan Dupuis' drawing|
|Stephan Dupuis' drawing|
g) Hanging alien from The Tourist
Perhaps the hanging alien with wings for The Tourist film project might also have served as a point of reference for the face. One might openly ask if the Mugwump designer for Cronenberg's movie had been somehow influenced by these images, consciously or unconsciously.
|The Tourist XI (1982): Hanging Alien with wings with background|
|David Cronenberg with a mugwump sculpture|
h) Mugwump sketch echoing Necronom IV
In light of the assumed Giger connection, an earlier sketch of of the mugwump oddly echoes Giger's Necronom IV with the torso slanting backwards displaying its' ribcage and ending with an indefinite stump.
|mugwump drawing by Stephan Dupuis|
- Cronenberg: Er, the mugwump of course is one of the most famous non human characters creatd by Burroughs, even though he doesn't get a lot of page time , he gets more screen time I think in this movie than he gets page time in Burrough's writings. Erm, very fond of this creature and there's still a couple of them left, one is in London, er, kind of rotting in the offices of Recorded Picture Company. They weren't made to last of course and they don't, except on screen I hope. Erm, to design the mugwump of course was a major major, er, struggle, because he's not really very, not described in great detail and in the book, erm, and yet, he looms very large in the people who are fans of Burroughs. So, of course I used Burroughs himself as a model for the mugwump, but of course had to get the Venusian interplanetary feel of him and at the same time have him be able to sit at a bar, smoke a cigarette, have the drink and talk to you, er, as the mugwumps do tend to do. (Festin Nu commentary (French DVD))
- Cronenberg: I wanted it (mugwump) to look like a junkie's body, more humanoid than in the book.(eye magazine, Cronenberg's Naked Lunch, A Journey Beyond Reality )
- David Cronenberg: His approach to insects is somewhat different from mine and it figures prominently in the script, and I wanted to know, because he uses that, as a , as a negative feature, you know, if he says that someone has blank insect eyes, you know, or insect voice, it's usually meant to mean soullessly inhuman. (Horizon Documentary?)
- Exuding cadaverous charm as he sis among the rubbery extras, the 77 year old author describes the appear of Cronenberg's mugwumps. "They have beautiful blue eyes, They can breathe and smoke. They're different from my concept, bigger and more benevolent." (Entertainment Weekly January 17th, 1992)
- Stephan Dupuis: The mugwump was David's idea, let's kind of make it look like Burroughs, um you know, the facial structure, kind of like a Mugwump version of him and of course his voice was like it, so was perfect. (TIFF https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=po7moaOmq5s)
- David Cronenberg: The mugwump is William Burroughs, this creature should look somehow, his chest, his his posture, his something about his face, ah, and his voice, it should look like Burroughs, and as soon as we come to that, and it, and it, that inspiration can come from anywhere, it could come from me, it could come from, you, you never know who, and for me it doesn't matter who, as long as if its the right one, it's the right one, and that's part of the collaboration, I think, it should be said right off the top.There are directors who, if if if they can't either pretend the idea came from them or it actually did come from them, they will not accept it, it's an ego thing. (TIFF https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=po7moaOmq5s)
- David Cronenberg: Burroughs talks about the Mugwump in the book as a demure beast, I think that it represents all of the seductive monsters we run into that have some kind of addictive element, whether it is money or power or sex or whatever. (https://www.criterion.com/current/posts/2728-making-the-mugwump)
|Mugwump sculpture in a pawn shop window in Naked Lunch|